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ANTIPYRINUM Phenazone-A Coal-tar Derivative (ANTIPYRINE)

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ANTIPYRINUM

Phenazone-A Coal-tar Derivative
(ANTIPYRINE)

Antipyrine is one of the drugs that induce leucocytosis, similar to ergotin, salicylates, and tuberculin. Acts especially on the vaso-motor centers, causing dilation of capillaries of skin and consequent circumscribed patches of hyperæmia and swelling. In large doses causes profuse perspiration, dizziness, cyanosis, and somnolence, albumen and blood in urine. Acute erythema multiforme.

Mind.–Fear of becoming insane; nervous anxiety; hallucinations of sight and hearing.

Head.–Throbbing headache; sensation of constriction. Flashes of heat. Headache under ears with earache.

Eyes.–Puffiness of lids. Conjunctiva red and œdematous, with lachrymation. Red spots (Apis).

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Ears.–Pains and buzzing. Tinnitus.

Face.–Œdema and puffiness. Red and swollen.

Mouth.–Swelling of lips. Burning of mouth and gums. Ulceration of lips and tongue; vesicles and bullæ. Small lump in cheek. Tongue swollen. Bloody saliva. Toothache along lower jaw.

Throat.–Pain on swallowing. Expectoration of fetid pus. Abscess, white false membrane. Sensation of burning.

Stomach.–Nausea and vomiting; burning and pain.

Urine.–Diminished. Penis black.

Female.–Itching and burning in vagina. Menses suppressed. Watery leucorrhœa.

Respiratory.–Fluent coryza. Nasal mucous membrane swollen. Dull pains in frontal sinus. Aphonia. Oppression and dyspnœa. Cheyne-Stokes respiration.

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Heart.–Faintness, with sensation of stoppage of heart. Throbbing throughout the body. Rapid, weak, irregular pulse.

Nerves.–Epileptiform seizures. Contractures. Trembling and cramps. Crawling and numbness. General prostration.

Skin.–Erythema, eczema, pemphigus. Intense pruritus. Urticaria, appearing and disappearing suddenly, with internal coldness. Angioneurotic-œdema. Dark blotches on skin of penis, sometimes with œdema.

Dose.–Second decimal potency.

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USA | Materiamedica

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